The 2012 Summer Paralympic Games were held in London, England, between the 29th of August and the 9th of September. They were officially opened by the Queen Elizabeth II.
The moto of these Paralympic Games was “Inspire a generation“.
They are the fourtheenth Summer Paralympic Games, the first ones being held in the summer of 1960 in Rome, Italy.
The 2012 Summer Paralympic Games had the largest nubmer of participants so far – 4,294, coming from 164 different countries, 18 more than the Summer Paralympic Games in Beijing, 2008.
The participants competed in 503 events of twenty different sports: archery, athletics, boccia, paralympic cycling – road and track, equestrian, football – 5-a-side and 7-a-side, goalball, judo, powerlifting, rowing, sailing, shooting, swimming, table tennis, volleyball, wheelchair basketball, wheelchair fencing, wheelchair rugby and wheelchair tennis.
The five countries that won the most medals are:
1) China, with a total of 204 medals – 84 gold, 65 silver and 58 bronze medals;
2) Great Britain, with a total of 115 medals – 33 gold, 40 silver and 42 bronze medals;
3) Russia, with a total of 92 medals – 32 gold, 35 silver and 25 bronze medals;
4) Ukraine, with a total of 74 medals – 30 gold, 19 silver and 25 bronze medals and
5) Australia, with a total of 75 medals – 29 gold, 20 silver and 26 bronze medals.
The next Summer Paralympic Games will be held in 2016, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.